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Self-efficacy and learning disability interventions (SELDI)

Self-efficacy and learning disability interventions (SELDI)

Research group: Prof. Mikko Aro, Adj.Prof. Tuija Aro, PhD. Tuire Koponen, PhD. Vesa Närhi. PhD Helena Viholainen, PhD students Riikka Sorvo, Pilvi Peura, Mika Paananen

In SELDI academic skills, self-concept, self-efficacy, and motivational preferences (among other issues) of over 1200 children (Grades 2 to 5) were assessed four times during a period of one year to study associations and developmental trends between academic skills and self-related attributional and affective factors. In addition, SELDI aims at developing and evaluating interventions for learning disabilities that target not only cognitive, skill-specific areas of learning disabilities, but also explicitly the affective and motivational issues, especially self-efficacy. More specifically, the research project investigates the added value of incorporating self-efficacy training into a more traditional approach to interventions of reading and mathematics disabilities which focus on the subject specific cognitive skills. In addition, moderator effect of self-efficacy beliefs on executive functions and learning strategies and their intervention efficacy are investigated. The research consists of three substudies focusing on (a) reading interventions, (b) mathematics interventions, (c) intervention on executive functions and strategies. SELDI research is a co-operation between Niilo Mäki Institute and Department of Education, Special Education Unit, funded by Finnish Academy (2013-2015).